Morality And Legality Of Abortion Essay, Research Paper
Morality and Legality of Abortion
Somewhere amidst the abortion debates of the last quarter century, the
real issue has been lost. The focus has become too religious for a country that
has separated church and state. Therefore, I won’t argue the religious rights
and wrongs of abortion. No answers can be derived until we focus on what the
law and our citizens do value, because this is how laws are changed. American
laws hold sacred the value of human rights….but when do a woman’s end, and a
The saving grace, and ultimately, the great flaw of the Constitution is
it’s variability. Our founding fathers created it as an open door, to allow
future generations to correct their mistakes, but also to make them, and to
contradict themselves ethically and morally, on the whim of a generation. As a
nation, we have always attempted a degree of morality in our laws, a shared
belief in what is right and wrong that is eforced by the law. We assert that to
ahrm another intentionally or otherwise is wrong and deserving of punishment.
Our laws condemn murderers and shun drunk drivers, charging involuntary
manslaughter in the case that he/she inadvertently kills another in an accident.
There are severe repercussions for rapists and assault of another person. We
also often assert that to harm oneself intentionally or in a way that could
have been prevented by our own precaution is wrong. These examples include the
seatbelt and helmet laws and the ingestion of harmful drugs. In keeping with our
common and lawful morality that is careful to protect human life, the legality
of abortion appears incongruent.
An important question of this issue is of the point at which the life
conceived inside a woman’s body is considered a life, rather than her personal
property. After conception, is there such a point htat “the right to choose”
can be exercised as an alternative to a condom or pill to prevent the said
conception? Prochoisce supporters wil continue to argue that a woman has a
right to do with her body as she chooses including termination of an unwanted
pregnancy. However, nature has decreed the bodies of the same women as
indispensible protection for a life too vulnerable to survive outside of this
sanctuary. Should this biological right create a parallel between the human
gestation period and a 1-month trial run?
Whether not abortion is morally acceptable, it is in many cases
replacing conventional birth contral and postponing women’s decisions as to
whether they desire a child. Factors such as invoncenience, financial stability,
and bad relationships have become grounds for abortion. These feelings should
be evaluated before a women begins to engage in the very act that promotes pro-
creation. The necessary precautions can then be taken to prevent the otherwise
inevitable, rather than trying to reverse a life already brought to existence.
Abortion was legalized at a time when women burned their bras and
demanded to be liberated, mainly from men. Somehow this movement shocked a
generally conservative government into giving these women what they wanted:
absolute freedom from men. Today, with their demands fulfilled, perhaps women
in the government alike have taken a moment to look at their handiwork and
wonder, “What have we done?”
For years casino gambling was portrayed in the media and Hollywood as being associated with criminal activities and the mafia. Now with proper scrutiny and government regulations casino gambling has become a lucrative business, with casinos stock even trading on Wall Street. Casino gambling is an ever increasingly popular and legal activity in many states throughout the United States. “The term gambling or ‘gaming’ as the industry calls it, means any legalized form of wagering or betting conducted in a casino, on a riverboat, on an Indian reservation, or at any other location under the jurisdiction of the United States” (National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act). States that allow casino gambling benefit vastly by re-incorporating the taxation off of commerce gained from casinos and tourism associated with the casinos back into the state and local communities. Jobs created by casinos also have a positive impact on the economy in local communities surrounding casinos as well as, the states that legalize gambling. Texas, while allowing horse and dog racing, lottery, and charitable bingo, does not currently prohibit casino gambling. In this essay, I will provide the different reasons the State of Texas will benefit from legalizing casinos gambling. By not having casinos, Texas continues to lose valuable tax revenue that could be awarded to state and local government funded programs for example, education, public safety, economic development, and infrastructure improvements. With the increasing number of legal casinos in bordering states such as Louisiana, New Mexico, and Oklahoma, the loss of tourism and tax revenue is a growing concern for Texas. Passing legislation to allow casinos in the State of Texas will help fund.
. middle of paper.
. the overall increase in commerce. The benefits will also be felt through the decline in poverty and welfare by way of incorporating new jobs and revenue into the state. The State of Texas must put an end to all of the money being spent elsewhere while Texas has the capabilities and resources available to provide and profit off the same gambling experience other states provide. It has been shown through numerous states that legalized casino gambling can be a rewarding business model, just as The Lottery, pari-mutuel wagering at horse and dog tracks, and charitable bingo has proved in Texas. Due to the current state of the economy it seems to me the only logical point of view is to bring Texans home, by legalizing casino gambling in Texas, recapturing vital commerce that will help lead to financial prosperity thus, enriching The State of Texas and its residents.
Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paperClick the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper
Essay on Casino Gambling Forecast - Casino Gambling Forecast FUTURE TRENDS Digital television promises interactivity The following Figure shows retail sales of digital television at current prices, 2001-05. FIGURE 41: Total U.S. manufacturer wholesale sales of DTV sets and displays, at current prices, 2001-05 Year Sales at current prices $million Index % change 2001 2,648 100 - 2002 4,280 162 61.6 2003 6,521 246 52.4 2004 10,420 394 59.8 2005 (est.) 17,388 657 66.9 SOURCE: Mintel/CEA If digital television is not yet a significant boon for the gambling industry, it will be soon enough. [tags: Market Casino Gambling]
Essay about Evaluation of Osage Million Dollar Elm Casino - Huge, billboard signs advertising Osage Million Dollar Elm Casino line US 75 highway. "Live It Up at Million Dollar Elm”, these words could lead you to the “Experience of a Lifetime”. While some people attend movies or head to a bar for weekend entertainment, others flock to the Osage Million Dollar Elm Casino to try their luck. For some the atmosphere, people, and thrill of risk taking that the casino offers far outweigh the illusion of a get rich quick fantasy come true. Many gamblers consistently visit a casino for the same reason others hang at their favorite bar–entertainment. [tags: casino, entertainment, gambling, Oklahoma]
Gambling in Indiana Essay - GAMBLING IN INDIANA Almost 9 out of 10 adults will gamble in their lifetime. Although gambling can be in many forms, such as lottery, sports betting, and illegal gambling, casino gambling remains one of the most popular gambling activities. With 12 casinos in Indiana, the state revenue can lead to big business. Over the past decade, Indiana has brought in a large amount of revenue from its 12 river boat casinos. In fact, Indiana is third in the nation in gambling revenue - only trailing Las Vegas and New Jersey (Walker, 2013). [tags: loterry, sports betting, casino gambling]
. 8 Works Cited
College Sports Gambling Essay - College Sports Gambling With all of the controversy of gambling in college sports, why is the issue still an issue. The answer is money. There were actions taken towards this by Congress, but the problem is that it was never completely abolished. Congress had made the mistake of creating a way around it. It is now commonly referred to as “the Las Vegas loophole.” They outlawed the betting nationwide with the exception of one state, one state that is the capital of gambling, Nevada. This has caused few changes, with the exception of the ever-growing revenue that it generates. [tags: Gambling Casino Las Vegal Essays]
. 7 Works Cited
Essay about Gambling and its Effects - The adrenaline-rushing feeling of gambling offers people the idea that opportunity lies within their hands. Unfortunately, there are far too many consequences to gambling to even begin to count. To win you must play, and to win big you must play big. As more gamblers can recall their losses rather than their winnings, gamblers are often dealt with poor hands and must play the risky game to stay alive. Even though gambling has so many faults, some still fall under its corruptions because of gambling’s deceiving fallacies. [tags: Gambling, ]
Casino Development in Massachusetts Essay - Casino Development in Massachusetts The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is in trouble. As the Big Dig gets closer to completion and the unemployment rate rises in the state, what are lawmakers doing to help boost the economy and close the deficit. Heading into the fiscal year 2005, Massachusetts is facing a record deficit of close to two billion dollars. Lawmakers on Beacon Hill are scrambling for solutions, but seem to be coming up empty handed. With the elections drawing nearer and nearer, and local state contenders vying for seats in the state congress getting more competitive with one another, what can Massachusetts do about this economic crisis. [tags: Casinos Gambling Government Essays]
. 7 Works Cited
Gambling and Casinos Chronology Essay - 1907-After the silver strike in 1907, Bill Graham at the age of 18 came to Tonopah (Las Vegas) and opened the Big Casino. 1920s-Bill Graham, who was born in San Francisco, operated the Willows in Reno with his partner James McKay. 1933-(September) Lansky gets permission from Batista to open up casinos in Cuba. Also getting permission to run the already operational Hotel Nacional. 1933-(November) Lansky gets the Molaska Corporation up and running. 1933-(December) Prohibition ends in America, making bootlegging an almost obsolete business venture. [tags: History of Gambling]
Essay about Internet Gambling - Internet Gambling Why is gambling such a problem on the Internet. There are plenty of reasons and you are going to hear all of them throughout this research paper. There are three main types of Internet gambling. There is the sports book, there are casinos and the lotto, and last but not least there is horseracing. Throughout this paper I will explain the Laws against online gambling. Why people can get around the laws, and the style of gambling and how to do it. I think that online gambling is fine the only person you could hurt is yourself. [tags: Gambling Internet Casino Web Essays]
. 4 Works Cited
Gambling Awareness Essay - After conducting an interview I came up with a few methods that can be used to aid helpless people like Abe with their compulsive gambling disorder. These scenarios are made to enlighten peoples perception of gambling and teach people that too much of anything isn’t good for you. They will show how others have attempted to reach an unattainable victory. Let’s take the poker machine for instance, it has an innocent appearance, but in reality it is as cunning and mischievous as the devil. The bright glowing lights and the compelling ring tone of victory makes helpless bystanders believe that it’s just a fun game. [tags: Gambling Poker Casino]
Gambling Essay - Win Some and Lose Some One hour away. Sloan, Iowa. Winna Vegas Casino. We like to say it’s a fun way to get away from college life, hang out with friends, and attempt to add a little extra to the pocket books. Many kids attending Buena Vista University have made at least one trip to the Winna Vegas Casino. This casino is 70 miles from Storm Lake and the age requirement to gain admittance is only eighteen. As an alternative to drinking or the bar scene, individuals view gambling as a relaxing and entertaining past time. [tags: Gambling Gamblers Betting Essays]
. 3 Works Cited
Disclaimer: Free essays on issues posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. The free issues research paper (Abortion - Legality and Morality essay ) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. If you need fresh and competent research / writing on issues, use the professional writing service offered by our company.
The 1973 United States Supreme Court Roe vs. Wade decisin, while providing for some semblance of legal structure to the political debate over abortion, has led to further question within moral and religious aspects of our society. In that decision, the Court found that a woman had the right to choose whether or not to abort a pregnancy within certain constaints; however, if a fetus were a person, accourding to the Court, abortion would be found impermissible. While this decision made an attempt at establishing a legal precedent, from a moral and religious standpoint, it is wrong. Upon the moment of conception, the human embryo is a person; and as a result, ensoulment of the fetus occurs simultaneously, making it's abortion an act at odds with moral rectitude, and a sin within the teachings of the Catholic Church.
In accordance with the 1973 decision, "the Court believed that the State has a compelling interest in protecting potential human life at viability" (Kamm 16). Viability can be defined in terms of the Court's use as the capacity of the fetus to live outside of the womb, with the aid of mechanical support. While this issue of viability exists as the main distinguishing element the Court uses to grant fetal life the label of personhood, the actual point of viability is one that can be debated.
Viability has been pointed out to be a function of technology, and is therefore a variable instance that cannot legitimately be defined as any consistent chronological point in a pregnancy. Furthermore, as viability exists as a function of technology, its point of instance could theoretically be defined very early in the pregnancy, and would constantly change with developing technologies. This being said, it is hardly possible to place human rights upon a variable instance with debatable significance. So as viability " is not necessarily correlated with a later stage of the fetus's development, let alone a stage in which it assumes the characteristics of a person rather than merely those of a potential person", then the Court's view of viability as a crucial point is virtually unfounded (16).
While the point of viability becomes an invalid argument in defining the instance in fetal life takes on human rights under the law, it may still be argued that "what really matters for the issue of abortion, is not when the human organism begins, but. when it becomes someone rather than just something" (Channer 35). This lies at the heart of the issue, as abortion can only be wrong morally if it kills someone, as opposed to just killing a biological organism (something).
So when does the fetus become a person the? One common argument is that before it has developed a working brain, the fetus has no mind. Lacking the capacity for consciousness, rational thinking, feeling, and perception, one could argue that after conception there is room for an early abortion in which no person is destroyed. However, when you look at the actual mental capacities of a newborn baby, these neutral skills and attributes have not been fully developed yet either, and they certainly do not account for why we would consider them a person at the moment of birth. Therefore, the actualization of the mind does not define the personhood of the baby (or fetus), but the potential capacities are what qualify them as persons, "in virtue of its fetus potential to develop, mentally and/or spiritually, in a certain way (36). So as the fertilized egg, upon conception, has the potential into a baby, it also maintains the potential to develop into whatever the baby has the capacity to become (37).
Upon conception, "human embryos have the basic capacities to think and will, even though it will be some time before they exercise those capacitis" (Lee 5). Therefore, possessing these potentialities, human embryos and fetuses are persons in the broadest sense that they are an entity that has the capacity of a whole human being. So since a human organism comes to be is that at which the human being becomes a human person. Therefore, since the human organism comes to be at conception, so too can the embryo or fetus be defined as a human person at that point (6).
Now that it has been established that a fetus can be identified as a person upon conception. one can approach the moral and religious aspects of its abortion with an understanding that, for all intents and purposes, the Courts' defintion of fetal personhood is more or less irrelevant. Instead, one must look at the moral and religious perspectives (as aided by science) of the life and sanctity of the fetus.
In the tradition of the Catholic Church, all persons are born into this world with a soul. If the fetus is a person upon conception, as we have proven, then does not ensoulment take place simultaneously? Patricia Beattie Jung, in her article Abortion and Organ Donation, makes reference to a Sidney Callahan quote regarding the rights of fetal life, and the call to the realization that fetal personhood also encompasses ensoulment:
Just as women and blacks were considered too different, to undeveloped, too biological to have souls. so the fetus is now seen as mere biological life.
(Jung and Shannon 155)
Historically, the salvation of souls has taken center stage in all Church teachings and doctrines. So when looking at the practices of the Catholic Church, it is important to note that "in the moral schema of the Christian Churches the condition of the immortal soul of a fetus, infant, or child was more important than any defense of its physical and mortal life" (Drutchas 39). Therefore, the concept of the ensouled fetus has a decisive significance in the moral and Catholic debate surrounding abortion.
Traditionally, many different precedents had been set regarding the point at which ensoulment of the fetus actually occurs. Historically, the Catholic Church has wavered on its teachings, and "in the end, only a authoritariab papacy had the political clout to enforce conformity" on the issue (42). So while scholars and Church officials alike have been undecided for centuries on the actual point of ensoulment of the fetus, it could serve one well to simply consider the nature of the soul: it is the substantial form of man. Therefore, "the soul of a living thing comes to be when the living thing itself comes to be" (Lee 80). So God's ensoulment of an individual person must come at the instance that person comes to be; at conception.
When considering the Catholic tradition, one can also look towards the scriptural teachings. While the scriptures do not address abortion in any detail, biblical writers do attribute human characteristics to the unborn child, making no real distinctions between a newborn baby and a fetus. "The continuity [the sprectrum of life - conceptus, embryo, fetus, baby, child, adolescent, adult, old adult] in Scripture indicates that God is not only forming and caring for the unborn child, but forming him as a specific individual for a specific postnatal calling" (Fowler and House 86). Therefore, the personal activity of God performed in the shaping of the fetus in a mother's womb is essentially the ensoulment of the child upon creation, and upon conception.
Aborting a child, at any point, would be murdering the existence of a soul with the capacities of a full human person. In theis regard, abortion is a sinful wrong. For " at whatever stagethe deed is done. 'child unique is killed. Everyone living today was once a zygote, an embryo and a fetus. A vacuum pump would have easily destroyed them just as effectively as a bullet, a car accident or a virulent virus" (Channer 22).
The 1973 Supreme Court Roe vs. Wade decision made most abortion legal ending women's struggles with the dangers of underground abortion tequniques. While providing structure on political level, the basis of the ruling- as long as the fetus is not a person the aborting it is a valid and legal option - is unfounded. The human fetus is a person upon conception, and is divinely ensouled as a gift from God as His creation at the same instant. Therefore, the abortion of a pregnancy, at any point, is murder, is morally wrong, and is a sin within the teachings of the Catholic Church.
Here you can easily hire a private writer in as early as 5 minutes. With 200+ writers available 24/7. we can help with any written assignment (from simple essays to dissertations).
Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints.
Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects.
Placing an order is a snap. You enter your details and deadline and get a personal writer who works with you on a one-to-one personal level until you are happy with the finished product.
Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions.
You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download.
All content will be 100% original and there will be no plagiarism. Any outside info will be properly cited.
The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime.
The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private.
We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of service apply).
While legality and morality may initially seem the same, they are actually very different. Morals are the foundation values that guide a person’s behavior, while laws are the governing rules for a society. Laws and morals are two different things because they function differently and serve different purposes.
Many institutions in our society, such as families, churches and schools, try to instill in us a sense of morality, or what is right and what is wrong. Morality is an innate sense of values in all humans that grows when we try to co-exist in peace with each other. Moral behavior is also equated with ethical behavior. Laws can be based off of a society’s morals that help mediate our relationships with each other. Unfortunately, laws can also be based off societal norms and even crazy and destructive ideas. In the U.S. federal laws must be approved by the judiciary, legislature, and executive branches of our government before they become enforceable by the police (Emelda 1). While laws carry a societal punishment for violations, morals do not. Morals are mostly dependent on a person’s self control and self worth. For example, driving carefully and beneath the speed limit for the purpose of not hurting someone or something is acting in a moral fashion. However, if one sees a police car and only then starts driving slowly, this suggests one is simply following the law for the purpose of evading punishment.
Sometimes laws deviate wildly from morality and the results can be unjust, destructive and even horrific. Laws, based on corrupt ideas and corrupt leaders, can become corrupted, even while moral standards largely remain intact. In the 1930’s the Nazi Political Party in Germany passed a series of strict laws that stripped Jewish people of basic civil rights such as riding bikes, owning businesses and going to school. Due to extreme enforcement of the laws, as many as six million Jews were ultimately murdered by the Nazis during World War II.