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Medieval Vs Renaissance Music Essay

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Renaissance Music Verses Medieval Essay - 473 Words

Renaissance Music Verses Medieval

The music of the Renaissance and Medieval periods was shaped by its culture in the way that the music expresses what is going on around them. For example in the medieval period people lives were shaped around the church and therefore their music was also. You have the Gregorian chant, which was named after the Pope St. Gregory the Great and then you have all of the songs, which follow the order of mass. You also have the Christmas carol There is no Rose Today that came out of this era also. The Renaissance period was a time of enlightenment and with that came the invention of the printing press and that helped print the music faster and get it to another part of Europe faster. At this time composers actually found work outside of the church and were able to expand on the type of music they composed.

The music that we have today is shaped by the culture that we live in because most of the composers today write about their own lives. Take Rap music most of the rappers are writing song about how they didn’t have anything as children and as teenager so they had to rob and steel to make a living. They also write about sex and drugs and how it makes them feel. The young people who listen and watch these music videos look at all the money they have and the lives that they lead and they try to go out and do the same so they can have that life also.

I think that it certainly does play a role in shaping our culture and society because it is not only something for us to listen to but it helps us with many human emotions. It also helps us understand not only our culture but others as well especially in the time that we live in today. When you go out to dance clubs now and days you don’t only hear music from this culture but others. It’s opened our eyes and shown us that different isn’t necessarily bad. We also have a lot of mixed families and people who are not only of one make ground but many. This has helped us take different cultures music and.

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Other articles

Renaissance Music at

The Structure and Style of Renaissance Music

In the Renaissance period, composers began experimenting with harmony in their work. Imitative polyphony, monophonic solo and polychoral music was the main style in the Renaissance. Imitative polyphony is when all the voices in a piece of music move at the same speed and share the development of the piece in a way that later became known as Fugue.

Polychoral music is similar to polyphony but is written for choirs, usually to be sung in church. Monophony is simply a solo piece with one line of music and, naturally, one voice.

Medieval and Renaissance styles differ in the way the music is written as well, in the order it’s written. Medieval composers built the music up layer upon layer, whereas Renaissance composers often preferred to write all the parts simultaneously, and blend them together rather than contrast them.

There is a lot of emphasis on texture in polyphony music. Specific instruments were chosen because they had a certain texture in their sound and the composer would use that texture to compliment other textures within the piece.

The Renaissance saw many new instruments as well as old ones remaining popular. Different composers preferred to write for different instruments predominantly, but the basic availability remained pretty much the same. These are the main instruments that were used in Renaissance music:

The Lute
The lute is the ancestor of the modern day guitar. It held the highest respect of all instruments during the Renaissance, both as an accompaniment and as a solo instrument. It could be played with a plectrum but the best lutenists used only their fingers, giving a very distinctive, very expressive sound.

Although the greatest repertoire for the lute is from England, the finest lutes came from Italy. The delicacy of the sound is reflected in the light.

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The comparison between the Medieval and Renaissance musical periods

The comparison between the Medieval and Renaissance musical periods

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The Medieval and Renaissance periods present two distinct cultures and worldviews in the human development. Unlike the Middle-Ages, several Renaissance scientists desired to learn about the earth apart from the idea of a Divine Creator, and philosophers brought in humanistic thinking. Innovations during this period like the gunpowder, telescope, microscope and the print press changed dramatically the people's lifestyles and views of the world around them. Religion also varied greatly between these two eras. Reformation brought about turmoil during the Renaissance as opposed to the monastic life of the medieval period. One of the less obvious of these changes was that of music. In comparing Medieval and Renaissance times we can see a definite contrast in the style and content of what the music emphasized.

The Medieval Era (450-1450), also known as the "The Dark ages" in Europe began about 450 with the disintegration of the Roman Empire, and the most important musicians were priests.

The Liber usualis uses square notation, as in this.

The majority of liturgical music throughout this era was plainchant (Gregorian chant), which indicates a single sacred melody, without accompaniment, sung by a single person or by a choir in which each member sings the same part. In many respects, medieval chant is the same chant which can be heard in monasteries today, and much of the most important chant (or plainsong) was composed by early medieval saints. Another word to describe plainchant is monophony, which - as opposed to polyphony. It means a single sound, whether sacred or not. The concept of mode was created to categorize plainchant, and is something which can often apply to polyphony in only strained fashion. The other very important feature was that most medieval music was vocal. The plainchant conveys a calm, otherworldly quality. Its rhythm is flexible, without meter, and its melodies tend to.

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music called classical, found in stores and performed regularly by symphonies around the world, spans a length of time from 1600 up to the present. This time frame includes the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Contemporary periods. The classical period of music actually spans a time.

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Renaissance and Medieval Music in MIDI files

Medieval, Renaissance (and Traditional) Music

Most people seem to associate this tune with the Middle Ages, but I have read that its musical patterns put it firmly in the late 1600s. Other tunes called Greensleeves are older. This one became the Christmas song What Child is This. The arrangment is the common hymnal version. Greensleeves had been also attribuited to King Henry VIII .

This is probably the Thomas Ravenscroft setting of this traditional tune.

Italian song commemorating the expulsion of the Moors from Spain in 1492.

German folk song; see also the arrangement by Ludwig Senfl .

Sequences by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Medieval - Renaissance Musical Texture - Instruments

The Medieval and Renaissance Periods

By Espie Estrella. Music Education Expert

Updated November 29, 2016.

During the Middle Ages, musical texture was monophonic, meaning it has a single melodic line. Sacred vocal music such as Gregorian chants were set to Latin text and sung unaccompanied. It was the only type of music allowed in churches, so composers kept the melodies pure and simple. Later on, church choirs added one or more melodic lines to the Gregorian chants. This created polyphonic texture, meaning it has two or more melodic lines.

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During the Renaissance. the church had less power over musical activity. Instead, the Kings, Princes and other prominent members of the courts had more influence. The size of church choirs grew and with it more voice parts were added. This created music that was richer and fuller. Polyphony was widely used during this period, but soon, music also became homophonic. Composers wrote pieces that shifted between polyphonic and homophonic textures. This made the melodies more complex and elaborate. Many factors contributed to the change of musical texture during these periods.

The influence of the Church, a shift in musical focus, the change in status of composers, the invention of printing and religious reformation were some of the factors that contributed to these changes.

Musical Instruments Used During the Middle Ages and Renaissance

During the Middle Ages. most of the music was vocal and unaccompanied. The church wanted to keep music pure and solemn because it was less distracting. Later on, musical instruments such as bells and organs were allowed in church, but it was mainly used to observe important days in the Liturgical calendar.

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Travelling musicians or minstrels used musical instruments as they performed on street corners or courts. The instruments they used include fiddles, harps. and lutes. The lute is a pear-shaped string instrument with a fretted fingerboard.

During the Renaissance period, most of the musical activity shifted from the church to the courts. Composers were more open to experimentation. As a result, more composers used musical instruments in their compositions. Instruments that produced softer and less bright sounds were preferred for indoor events. Louder and more brilliant-sounding instruments were preferred for outdoor events. Musical instruments used during this period include the cornett, harpsichord. and recorder. A musical instrument called shawm was used for dance music and outdoor events. The shawm is the predecessor of the oboe .

More on the Middle Ages and Renaissance
  • Medieval Music Timeline - Music during the Middle Ages is characterized by the beginning of musical notation as well as polyphony. During this time, there were two general types of music styles; the monophonic and the polyphonic. In order to fully understand how music evolved duirng the Medieval period, look at the timeline of events.
  • Composers of the Middle Ages - During this period, there were several composers and musicians who largely contributed to how music evolved.
  • Renaissance Music Timeline - This period brought about many changes in the way music was created and perceived. To fully grasp the changes that occurred in music during this period, read this timeline.
  • Composers of the Renaissance Period - This period signifies the rebirth of classical learning and an increased patronage of music. Here are some of the notable composers during the Renaissance period.

Some glossary words that may be associated with the Middle Ages and the Renaissance include the following:

Mass ordinary - Refers to the 5 Latin text (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei ) that are sung during mass. These texts remain the same for every mass.

Organum - A type of medieval music that has polyphonic texture achieved by adding harmonies to chants.

Word painting - A technique used by composers wherein they illustrate words through music (i.e. changing pitches, tempo, rise and fall of melodic lines, etc.).

Reference:
Music An Appreciation, 6th Brief Edition, by Roger Kamien © McGraw Hill