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Medieval Vs Renaissance Music Essay

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Renaissance Music Verses Medieval Essay - 473 Words

Renaissance Music Verses Medieval

The music of the Renaissance and Medieval periods was shaped by its culture in the way that the music expresses what is going on around them. For example in the medieval period people lives were shaped around the church and therefore their music was also. You have the Gregorian chant, which was named after the Pope St. Gregory the Great and then you have all of the songs, which follow the order of mass. You also have the Christmas carol There is no Rose Today that came out of this era also. The Renaissance period was a time of enlightenment and with that came the invention of the printing press and that helped print the music faster and get it to another part of Europe faster. At this time composers actually found work outside of the church and were able to expand on the type of music they composed.

The music that we have today is shaped by the culture that we live in because most of the composers today write about their own lives. Take Rap music most of the rappers are writing song about how they didn’t have anything as children and as teenager so they had to rob and steel to make a living. They also write about sex and drugs and how it makes them feel. The young people who listen and watch these music videos look at all the money they have and the lives that they lead and they try to go out and do the same so they can have that life also.

I think that it certainly does play a role in shaping our culture and society because it is not only something for us to listen to but it helps us with many human emotions. It also helps us understand not only our culture but others as well especially in the time that we live in today. When you go out to dance clubs now and days you don’t only hear music from this culture but others. It’s opened our eyes and shown us that different isn’t necessarily bad. We also have a lot of mixed families and people who are not only of one make ground but many. This has helped us take different cultures music and.

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The Medieval and Renaissance periods represent two distinct cultures and worldviews. Unlike the Middle-Ages, several Renaissance scientists desired to learn about the earth apart from the idea of a Divine Creator, and philosophers brought in humanistic thinking. Religion also varied greatly between these two eras. Reformation brought about turmoil during the Renaissance as opposed to the monastic life of the medieval period. One of the less obvious of these changes was that of music . In comparing Medieval and Renaissance times we can see a definite contrast in the style and content of what the music emphasized. During the medieval era musical composition consisted of little movement in the notes themselves, and was, in a sense, plain. Used mainly in the church, music was meant to emphasize actual words that a person wanted to convey, and thus had little embellishment. One of the most well-known styles of that period was the Gregorian, or Plain Chant, which provides a perfect example of the simple, lyrical music of that time. “It indicates a single sacred melody, without accompaniment, sung by a single person or by a choir in which each member sings the same part.” (McComb, Todd M. “Medieval & RenaissanceMusic . A Brief Survey”) Towards the end of the Middle-Ages.

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 Assignment #2: Elements of MedievalMusic present in the 21st Century Musical Notation Mostly liturgical music was transmitted orally and also memorized by monks and clerics; however, during this period musical notation emerged in differents ways and it was developed in with many characteristics notation from time to time, it was a process that occurred gradually. The earliest chant notation was notated on signs called neumes whose function was mainly to graphically provided a gesture or movement, not specific pitches yet. It was until the 11th century that these neumes were alligned according to the pitches to be sung in a one-line or two-line staff as reference of a fixed pitch. Then, in the 13th and 14th centuries as more lines were added to the staff, the Gregorian Chant was written down in tetragramma and movable clefs were placed at the beginning of the manuscripts (Bonds, 32 and 34). This is a practice that still persists in classical music to save its integrity and provides a primary source for performers. Another important point about neumes is that Serialism tries to incorporate this concept in its notation: lines that represent movements placed on a staff or no staff as well. The Serialism, mostly performed by electronics devices, has more complex notation but it is clear that the changing pitch is depicted in a single line that goes up and down. The next two illustrations show excerpts of.

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middle ages 1000-1400, paid for by the church Characteristics of MedievalMusic - Christianity had huge impact, most surviving music is liturgical music Middle Ages Music The Middle Ages saw the emergence of great changes in English culture including the music played during the Middle Ages. The violent times of the Dark Ages had led to a primitive society lacking in elegance or refinement. The Medievalmusic of the Middle Ages generally consisted of the secular music of the church. The Middle Ages saw society changing due to the influence from various foreign cultures. Travel, prompted by the Crusades, led to a new and unprecedented interest in beautiful objects, elegant manners, poetry and music . Middle Ages music in Europe was influenced by Arab love songs. The ideals of courtly love were introduced further influencing the content and styles of the music of the Middle Ages. | Music in the Middle ages is less defined as those in the Baroque period. They were not regulated and have very little similarity among them, so, there is no distinct way to state their characteristics. In order to let the surfers out there have a concise and clear view of the general characteristics of Medievalmusic . we have separated the section into Sacred and the Secular.

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A Comparison of the Medieval and Renaissance Eras It is amazing how significantly various aspects of society can and will change over a prolonged period of time. Between the time periods of the Medieval era and the Renaissance . one can note numerous significant changes, mainly those pertaining to art and religion. In general, ideals and subjects during the Renaissance became more secular. In Medieval times, people seemed to focus mainly on the church, God, and the afterlife; Whereas during the Renaissance . the focus was more secular: humans and life on earth. Although these two eras differ in many ways, the most concentrated differences deal with the realms of architecture, painting, and philosophy. Architecture noticeably shifted from religious awe to classical reason between the Medieval era and the Renaissance . During the Middle Ages, architecture was aimed mainly at making advancements in the church. Medieval cathedrals had very distinct features, such as pointed spires, which were exactly that -- spires, or steeples, that were pointed and extended upward from the tower area; the rose window, which was a large stained glass window that was located on the front of the tower; and squared-off exterior walls, which were a contrast to the usual rounded exterior designs that people were accustomed to. Overall, cathedrals during.

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Medieval Europe’s Influence on the Renaissance In the Middle ages of Europe there were many factors that helped lead to the beginning of the renaissance . For instance the creation of universities that let people study latin literature and art, which lead to new establishments of middle age sculptures and paintings. With the availability of knowledge for the study of basic wisdom and the relationship between nature and god, people began to question the churches ideas, this lead to people creating new religious beliefs. Also the feudal system began to fall apart do to Norman invasions of England and fighting between the king and churches power, this caused city states to emerge and monarchical systems to be restored. In the middle ages people began to study the development of god which lead to multiple questioning of the churches beliefs, people were also able to study ancient literature and develop a new perspective of art and advancement in literature, lastly the feudal system began to fail causing city states to be created which used a monarchical system instead of feudalism; these changes influenced the renaissance to begin by setting the basic outline for a rebirth of Europe. During the middle ages people would attend church every day. Not many European citizens understood how to read or write so when the church had said something was true most people believed them. Then scholasticism began to develop which.

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When I look at the conflicts that medieval European people faced and the conflicts that modern people face, I see a huge difference. Our government, economics, science, mobility, art, literacy and health are very different. Some aspects of religion are different, but not many. The Black Death and feudalism are some major contributions to the medieval times. The Black Death is known as a beneficial divider between the central and Middle Ages. The changes are numerous. They include the introduction of gunpowder, importance of cities, economic and demographic crises, and powerful new currents in culture and religion. Overall, the late middle ages were characterized as a period of chaos. The Black Death did not cause the chaos, but the plague definitely contributed towards it, as well as making more problems. The Black Death erupted in the Gobi desert in the late 1320's. There is no real explanation why. The plague bacillus was alive and active long before that. Europe had suffered from an epidemic in the 6th century. But the disease became relatively dormant in the following centuries. It is said that it was due to the climate beginning to cool in the 14th century. Whatever it was, the outbreak began and spread fast. It mostly went west, but it spread everywhere. The Asian nations suffered greatly as anywhere. In China, the population dropped from 125 million to 90 million. The plague was so widespread; it was said that there.

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Medieval vs. Renaissance Art The Medieval Art period, or Middle Ages, covers almost 1000 years of human history and art. It began around 400 AD, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and continued until the advent of the Early Renaissance . Medieval art is closely connected with religion and the beliefs that constituted the foundation of European society during this time. The church was the central institution that wielded vast amounts of political and economic power. The church was the main patron of art at this time, and this is reflected in the subject matter of works of this period. There were no notions of real-life techniques and proportion. Figures, which were more prominent, were drawn larger than the others. All figures are motionless, they sit or stand and there are no attempts to depict movement. There is little in the way of nude bodies, erotic scenes and sexual connotations. People were painted with stoic, serious expressions; the lack of emotions was obvious. Pictures were not voluminous; they were flat and stable. The background was painted with one color. Artists used ordinary basic colors. Paintings weren’t very realistic, but the artists did not necessarily want them to be so. The art was treated as the means of connection with God, and the main purpose of it was to foster the spiritual development of the people. The Early Renaissance starts in Italy in fourteenth.

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Summary of Medieval and Renaissance Criticism Submitted by R. Zothanmawia V Semester BA R/no: 1101BA005 MEDIEVAL CRITICISM The period between the Classical Age and the Renaissance is vaguely named the Middle Age or the Medieval Age. In England, this period spans eight centuries and historians place it from the year of composition of Beowulf in 725 AD to 1474 AD when Caxton published the first book ever printed. The only standard work that dealt with Medieval Criticism is English Literary Criticism: The Medieval Phase by J.W.H Atkins published in 1952. One major development in this age is the adoption of Christianity as the religion of the Mediterranean region. Roman Catholicism prevailed in Western Europe. Classical elements were absorbed in the Medieval Age, sometimes modified and later became a part of it. Many pagan literature were incorporated into the medieval ethos(character). The critical terms in vogue during the Classical Age were popular with the writers of the age and they even followed the prescriptions on the art of composition as laid down by the rhetoricians of the previous age. Medieval Criticism systematically classified literature under grammar, rhetoric and poetry. The Medieval Age developed a systematic poetic grammar. The term grammar meant the science of correct speaking and.

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Other articles

Renaissance Music at

The Structure and Style of Renaissance Music

In the Renaissance period, composers began experimenting with harmony in their work. Imitative polyphony, monophonic solo and polychoral music was the main style in the Renaissance. Imitative polyphony is when all the voices in a piece of music move at the same speed and share the development of the piece in a way that later became known as Fugue.

Polychoral music is similar to polyphony but is written for choirs, usually to be sung in church. Monophony is simply a solo piece with one line of music and, naturally, one voice.

Medieval and Renaissance styles differ in the way the music is written as well, in the order it’s written. Medieval composers built the music up layer upon layer, whereas Renaissance composers often preferred to write all the parts simultaneously, and blend them together rather than contrast them.

There is a lot of emphasis on texture in polyphony music. Specific instruments were chosen because they had a certain texture in their sound and the composer would use that texture to compliment other textures within the piece.

The Renaissance saw many new instruments as well as old ones remaining popular. Different composers preferred to write for different instruments predominantly, but the basic availability remained pretty much the same. These are the main instruments that were used in Renaissance music:

The Lute
The lute is the ancestor of the modern day guitar. It held the highest respect of all instruments during the Renaissance, both as an accompaniment and as a solo instrument. It could be played with a plectrum but the best lutenists used only their fingers, giving a very distinctive, very expressive sound.

Although the greatest repertoire for the lute is from England, the finest lutes came from Italy. The delicacy of the sound is reflected in the light.

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The comparison between the Medieval and Renaissance musical periods

The comparison between the Medieval and Renaissance musical periods

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The Medieval and Renaissance periods present two distinct cultures and worldviews in the human development. Unlike the Middle-Ages, several Renaissance scientists desired to learn about the earth apart from the idea of a Divine Creator, and philosophers brought in humanistic thinking. Innovations during this period like the gunpowder, telescope, microscope and the print press changed dramatically the people's lifestyles and views of the world around them. Religion also varied greatly between these two eras. Reformation brought about turmoil during the Renaissance as opposed to the monastic life of the medieval period. One of the less obvious of these changes was that of music. In comparing Medieval and Renaissance times we can see a definite contrast in the style and content of what the music emphasized.

The Medieval Era (450-1450), also known as the "The Dark ages" in Europe began about 450 with the disintegration of the Roman Empire, and the most important musicians were priests.

The Liber usualis uses square notation, as in this.

The majority of liturgical music throughout this era was plainchant (Gregorian chant), which indicates a single sacred melody, without accompaniment, sung by a single person or by a choir in which each member sings the same part. In many respects, medieval chant is the same chant which can be heard in monasteries today, and much of the most important chant (or plainsong) was composed by early medieval saints. Another word to describe plainchant is monophony, which - as opposed to polyphony. It means a single sound, whether sacred or not. The concept of mode was created to categorize plainchant, and is something which can often apply to polyphony in only strained fashion. The other very important feature was that most medieval music was vocal. The plainchant conveys a calm, otherworldly quality. Its rhythm is flexible, without meter, and its melodies tend to.

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music called classical, found in stores and performed regularly by symphonies around the world, spans a length of time from 1600 up to the present. This time frame includes the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Contemporary periods. The classical period of music actually spans a time.

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Renaissance and Medieval Music in MIDI files

Medieval, Renaissance (and Traditional) Music

Most people seem to associate this tune with the Middle Ages, but I have read that its musical patterns put it firmly in the late 1600s. Other tunes called Greensleeves are older. This one became the Christmas song What Child is This. The arrangment is the common hymnal version. Greensleeves had been also attribuited to King Henry VIII .

This is probably the Thomas Ravenscroft setting of this traditional tune.

Italian song commemorating the expulsion of the Moors from Spain in 1492.

German folk song; see also the arrangement by Ludwig Senfl .

Sequences by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Collection of Renaissance music by Lory Werths

Medieval - Renaissance Musical Texture - Instruments

The Medieval and Renaissance Periods

By Espie Estrella. Music Education Expert

Updated November 29, 2016.

During the Middle Ages, musical texture was monophonic, meaning it has a single melodic line. Sacred vocal music such as Gregorian chants were set to Latin text and sung unaccompanied. It was the only type of music allowed in churches, so composers kept the melodies pure and simple. Later on, church choirs added one or more melodic lines to the Gregorian chants. This created polyphonic texture, meaning it has two or more melodic lines.

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During the Renaissance. the church had less power over musical activity. Instead, the Kings, Princes and other prominent members of the courts had more influence. The size of church choirs grew and with it more voice parts were added. This created music that was richer and fuller. Polyphony was widely used during this period, but soon, music also became homophonic. Composers wrote pieces that shifted between polyphonic and homophonic textures. This made the melodies more complex and elaborate. Many factors contributed to the change of musical texture during these periods.

The influence of the Church, a shift in musical focus, the change in status of composers, the invention of printing and religious reformation were some of the factors that contributed to these changes.

Musical Instruments Used During the Middle Ages and Renaissance

During the Middle Ages. most of the music was vocal and unaccompanied. The church wanted to keep music pure and solemn because it was less distracting. Later on, musical instruments such as bells and organs were allowed in church, but it was mainly used to observe important days in the Liturgical calendar.

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Travelling musicians or minstrels used musical instruments as they performed on street corners or courts. The instruments they used include fiddles, harps. and lutes. The lute is a pear-shaped string instrument with a fretted fingerboard.

During the Renaissance period, most of the musical activity shifted from the church to the courts. Composers were more open to experimentation. As a result, more composers used musical instruments in their compositions. Instruments that produced softer and less bright sounds were preferred for indoor events. Louder and more brilliant-sounding instruments were preferred for outdoor events. Musical instruments used during this period include the cornett, harpsichord. and recorder. A musical instrument called shawm was used for dance music and outdoor events. The shawm is the predecessor of the oboe .

More on the Middle Ages and Renaissance
  • Medieval Music Timeline - Music during the Middle Ages is characterized by the beginning of musical notation as well as polyphony. During this time, there were two general types of music styles; the monophonic and the polyphonic. In order to fully understand how music evolved duirng the Medieval period, look at the timeline of events.
  • Composers of the Middle Ages - During this period, there were several composers and musicians who largely contributed to how music evolved.
  • Renaissance Music Timeline - This period brought about many changes in the way music was created and perceived. To fully grasp the changes that occurred in music during this period, read this timeline.
  • Composers of the Renaissance Period - This period signifies the rebirth of classical learning and an increased patronage of music. Here are some of the notable composers during the Renaissance period.

Some glossary words that may be associated with the Middle Ages and the Renaissance include the following:

Mass ordinary - Refers to the 5 Latin text (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus and Agnus Dei ) that are sung during mass. These texts remain the same for every mass.

Organum - A type of medieval music that has polyphonic texture achieved by adding harmonies to chants.

Word painting - A technique used by composers wherein they illustrate words through music (i.e. changing pitches, tempo, rise and fall of melodic lines, etc.).

Music An Appreciation, 6th Brief Edition, by Roger Kamien © McGraw Hill